Cultural Resources
Cultural resources can be defined as the physical evidence or place of past human activity. Sites, objects, landscapes, structures can all be cultural resources. A cultural resource can also be a site, structure, landscape, object or natural feature of significance to a group of people traditionally associated with it. These resources provide the community a tangible connection to its history and heritage. Federal, state, county, and City of Redmond regulations protect cultural resources and provide direction for their management.


Artifact found at a prehistoric archaeological site near RedmondArchaeological resources, such as those discovered at the Bear Creek site, provide tangible evidence of past human cultures. In the United States, archaeological sites are typically characterized as precontact (before the arrival of Europeans) or historic (after the arrival of Europeans). There are many types of archaeological resources but the most common are artifacts and features.

Examples of artifacts include pottery, cans, shards of glass, tools, baskets and other textiles, and projectile points. Features can include trash pits, hearths, walls, vegetation, or pathways.  

Historic Structures

The former Brown's Garage is a Redmond City Landmark and eligible for the National Registry of Historic PlacesHistoric structures are typically over 50 years old (by national standards and 40 years by King County standards) and either in use or capable of being repaired for use. Examples of historic structures are found throughout Redmond. The more common types of historic structures include houses, barns, bridges, and roads.

These resources may be important even if they do not appear architecturally distinguished or well cared for.

Cultural Landscapes

The integration of the built features with the pastures and open space are important elements of the Conrad Olson FarmsteadCultural landscapes are settings humans have created in the natural world. They reflect the ties between people and the land. Examples include cattle ranches, formal gardens, pilgrimage routes, and village squares. Cultural landscapes have elements of the landscape integrated with built features and structures.

For example important features on a cattle ranch would include the pastures, hedgerows, and the fence posts as well as barns or residential structures.

Traditional Cultural Places/Properties

Snoqualmie Falls is a Traditional Cultural Place of significance to the Snoqualmie TribeA cultural resource, often a place, significant for its associations with the cultural practices, traditions, beliefs, lifeways, arts, crafts, or social institutions of a living community. Examples can include a hillside used for berry gathering or a village square where traditional artistic and economic activities have been continuously carried out for generations.

Some resources may fall into several of these categories. For example Snoqualmie Falls is considered a traditional cultural place to the Snoqualmie Tribe but also has historic structures related to its use for hydroelectric power generation by Seattle City Light. There are both historic and precontact archaeological sites located in the vicinity of the falls.

Activities that Can Harm Cultural Resources

Cultural resources can be damaged in many ways. Demolition of a building or destruction of buried archaeological materials through digging or trenching are common ways resources are affected by human activities. However, there are many intangible elements in addition to the physical features that are important to consider.

For example, dust from the use of equipment during construction or the frequent noise of vehicles could impact the use of a traditional cultural place by an Indian tribe.

Developing Citywide Cultural Resources Management Plan (CRMP)

Project Status and Documents

Permit (2/28/18) and SEPA (3/8/18) review initiated on Draft CRMP.  Notify Kimberly Dietz with your name and address to become a Party of Record.

Draft CRMP (pdf, 8mb) in review by Bear Creek Memorandum of Agreement signatories and affected Indian tribes, February 1 - 28, 2018

Refinements to preliminary draft CRMP underway, January 2018

Staff review of preliminary draft CRMP, November 2017 - January 2018

Preliminary draft CRMP in development, October 2017

Draft Cultural Resources Management Plan (CRMP) Sept. 2017

The City received an extension of the CRMP's project deadline to September 29, 2018.

Amended CRMP Project schedule per extension

CRMP Community Focus Group: a volunteer group including a diverse membership from a variety of disciplines and perspectives for purpose of reviewing and commenting on the draft CRMP.  Members include:

- OneRedmond
- Downtown & Bear/Evans Creek stakeholders
- Redmond Historical Society
- Residents & businesses
- Master Builders
- Agencies
- Landmark and Arts & Culture Commissioners

CRMP Community Focus Group Meetings:

December 15, 2016 -- Workshop included a presentation by DOWL followed by group discussion

CRMP Contract Documents:

- City Council Project Contract Approval, May 2016
- City Council Approved Project Scope, May 2016
- City Council Approved Project Schedule, May 2016

Bear Creek Archaeological Discovery (2008):

Learn more about the discovery and the archaeology of Bear Creek here.

For additional information, contact Kimberly Dietz.